The extraction, or removal, of teeth, is sometimes necessary for the health of the patient. Extraction is never the first option but is only done when restoration is not an option; this is because the extraction of teeth complicates and adjusts so many other parts of your mouth. Our staff at Madison Oral Surgery & Dental Implants can examine your teeth, and help you understand all of your options, which may include extraction. Together, we can develop a treatment plan, which may include restoring teeth and gums, the placement of a dental implant, or other prosthetic options.
Why are teeth extracted?
Teeth are extracted for a variety of reasons, but always when it improves the patient’s health. At Madison Oral Surgery & Dental Implants, we may recommend the removal of a tooth when:
|•||Severe Decay: Decaying teeth can be very problematic. If a tooth is decayed, and not treated, the decay can then spread into the tooth pulp. Infected pulp is painful, and has the potential for infection to spread to neighboring teeth. In many cases, root canal therapy can be performed to treat the infection, but the extensive damage will require extraction. Never ignore the signs of infection.|
|•||Periodontal Disease: Periodontal disease is an active bacterial infection of your gum tissue. Having healthy gum tissue is important to the support of your teeth. As the infection rages it damages the soft tissue and eventually attacks the hard bone tissue. Patients with the active periodontal disease often experience a loss of bone mass, which leads to the loss of teeth.|
|•||Broken or Fractured Teeth: Teeth that have broken or fractured beyond repair, meaning there is not sufficient tooth to attach a dental crown to, need to be extracted.|
|•||Badly Positioned: In many cases, a tooth needs to be removed because it is badly positioned, affecting the bite. This would also include an extra tooth. In general, an orthodontist will make the recommendation to have a badly positioned tooth removed.|
|•||Non-functional Teeth: We may recommend the removal of a tooth in preparation for a prosthetic device to be placed. This includes preparation before a dental implant, bridge, denture or partial being placed.|
Tooth extractions are a common procedure performed in our oral surgery office. Typically tooth extractions can be performed using local anesthesia. This will depend on the procedure being done, including if it is a surgical or non-surgical procedure, and how many teeth are being removed. Surgical extractions are performed when cuts need to be made to remove the entire tooth, a non-surgical extraction can quickly turn into a surgical extraction during the procedure. For patients who have complex cases, IV anesthesia/sedation can be used.
Following extraction, patients often need a day or two to recover. We will review post-treatment guidelines with you at time of treatment. In general, this will include being aware of excessive bleeding, swelling, and signs of infection.
For more information on both surgical and non-surgical dental extractions, or if you would like to schedule an appointment, please give us a call at: (608) 960-7650